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Monday, 06 March 2017 12:14

Clinical Research: Community based CKD Screening in Cross River State, Nigeria

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Emanuel Effa
Name:
Emmanuel Edet Effa

Hospital/Affiliation: University of Calabar Teaching Hospital

Home Country: Nigeria

Host Country: South Africa

Year: started in 2017

Status of the program: IN PROGRESS

Title of the project:
Community based Chronic Kidney Disease Screening and educational intervention programme in Cross River State, Nigeria.

Topic:
CKD

Short description of the project or abstract:
Incident end stage renal disease (ESRD) worldwide is increasing at an annual rate of 8%. In sub Saharan Africa, this is related to the current double burden of infectious and non-communicable diseases especially hypertension and diabetes. Hospital based studies in Nigeria have reported chronic kidney disease (CKD) rates as ratios of hospital medical admissions put at between 1.6% and 10%. A few community based studies of CKD now exist. In spite of this, early stages are often unreported. Yet, this category of patients may benefit from therapy and/or kidney care education awareness strategies designed to prevent its onset, reverse kidney injury or delay its progression.
This will be a cross sectional study designed to provide much needed baseline information on the prevalence of and risk factors for chronic kidney disease in Cross River State with a view to informing healthcare policy at local level, to design appropriate intervention strategies and to provide data for future strategic planning. It is also designed to leverage the availability of mobile phone services in urban, semi-urban and rural communities to deliver behaviour changing information to people at risk. The at-risk people will include those with hypertension, diabetes, obesity as well as those engaged in potentially CKD causing habits such as tobacco intake, use of herbal remedies and habitual use of over the counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. We will use the mass media (radio, TV, local newspaper) to publicize the study and rely on local helps for communicty mobilization. We will use trained field research assistants to collect data.
Information, Education and Communication (IEC) materials on prevention of kidney disease from the National Kidney Foundations website (https://www.kidney.org/prevention) will be contextually and linguistically adapted and used to educate eligible participants on preventive measures for CKD. In addition, these messages will be sent via text messages to enrolled participants at predetermined intervals. Subsequently, they will be contacted to ascertain adherence to delivered messages.

Learning or research objectives:
• To determine the prevalence of CKD among at-risk individuals in the Cross River State population.
• To determine the prevalence of risk factors of CKD among a sample of the Cross River State population
• To implement a CKD educational awareness programme using a blend of Information, Education and Communication (IEC) materials as well as follow up mobile short message service.
• To assess the level of adherence to lifestyle changes among those with or at risk of CKD             

Additional Info

  • Year: 2017
  • Status: In progress
  • Partners: ISN only
  • Region: Africa
  • Country: Nigeria
  • Topics: CKD
Read 5964 times Last modified on Friday, 10 March 2017 12:24

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