Follow Us:

social twitter box white 32 social facebook box blue 32social linkedin box blue 32ISN Blog

Wednesday, 03 August 2016 10:18

The snake bite effect on Myanmar’s renal patients Featured

Rate this item
(0 votes)

As a recent guest of Professor Khin Maung Htay at Yangon’s Thingangyun San Pya Hospital and Yangon Specialist Hospital, I was exposed to how snake bites are a major health concern in Myanmar, especially for kidney patients.

In 2012, there were almost 14,000 reported snake bites in Myanmar, 2% were fatal. Last year, out of 143 acute kidney injury (AKI) cases in Thingangyun San Pya Hospital, 89 of them were caused by snake bites. 

Anti-venom is very effective if given early. Dialysis patients generally receive acute peritoneal dialysis via a hard catheter inserted using a trocar.

Dr Khin Thida Thwin showed me around Yangon Specialist Hospital’s renal unit, which she directs. It is a snake bite research and referral center.

Out of 2,000 admissions in 2015, 27% were AKI related, and more than half of these cases were due to snake bites.

The mortality rate amongst kidney disease patients is about 5-15%, compared to 2% for all cases of snake bite.  About 10% develop panhypopituitarism because of disseminated intravascular coagulation, while a smaller number develop acute respiratory distress syndrome, which is almost always fatal.

Thingangyun Sanpya Hospital’s renal unit was established in 1991 and provides acute and chronic hemodialysis to over one hundred patients, as well as acute peritoneal dialysis services. In a few years, it will start renal transplantation.

Further reading in Kidney International on snake-bite-induced AKI

Acute renal failure after Crotalus durissus snakebite: A prospective survey on 100 patients

Snake-bite-induced acute renal failure in India

Thingangyun San Pya General Hospital

The team at Thingangyun San Pya General Hospital, (left to right): Prof Htay, Dr Kyaw Thiha Soe , David Harris, Associate Professor Thuzar Thin, Dr Yi Yi Khine and Dr Chaw Chaw Ei.

Yangon Specialist Hospital

Group photo at Yangon Specialist Hospital (left to right): Dr Yin Yin Mon, Dr Yee Yee Myint, Associate Professor Khin Khin Win, Associate Professor Win Win Hlaing, Dr Su Thet Ko, Professor Htay, David Harris, Professor Khin Thida Thwin, Dr Mya Htwe Ngal and Dr Ngu Wah Wah Min.

Read 17063 times Last modified on Thursday, 04 August 2016 14:29
David Harris

David Harris is ISN President and Professor of Medicine at The University of Sydney, Director of Nephrology and Dialysis in the Western Sydney Renal Service, and Director of the Renal Failure Laboratory in the Centre for Transplantation and Renal Research, Westmead Institute for Medical Research.

WCN 2019


ISN Frontiers 2018


Global Operations Center

Rue des Fabriques 1
1000 Brussels, Belgium
Tel: +32 2 808 04 20
Fax: +32 2 808 4454
Email contact


Americas Operations Center

340 North Avenue 3rd Floor
Cranford, NJ 07016-2496, United States
Tel: +1 567 248 9703
Fax: +1 908 272 7101
Email contact